Basketball players learn to generate inertia when setting up for a shot off the dribble. Moving to the right or left and planting a foot to make a jump shot is a prime example of a player utilizing the physical forces at his or her disposal. As the player moves to one side and plants a foot, the body coils. Springing off the floor to shoot a jumper not only serves to elevate the ball over a defender’s outstretched hands, the upward motion of the shooter’s body transfers a certain amount of force to the shooting hand as well. Release Buy activity-specific shoes. For example, if you are running or walking, a running shoe would work best as they are made for forward motion. A court shoe works best for activities that require side-to-side motion such as basketball, tennis etc. When considering running shoes, look for the specific type of shoe for your foot type. For example, if one over-pronates (the foot rolls in), get a motion-control shoe. Your foot and ankle surgeon can evaluate your gait, the way you walk or run, and recommend the type of running shoe needed. Pes Cavus is a foot condition often referred to as high arches. In Pes Cavus, the rigid arch causes the foot to strike down on its lateral side while walking. This puts strain on the knees and on the later side of the foot and ankle while pushing the weight of the body onto a very small portion of the feet. Some problems may include foot, arch, knee or back pain. Functional footwear to supply fundamental support can often be hard to find since it may be difficult to slip high-rigid arches into footwear. If you suspect high arches, you should watch out for problems in the ankle and along the outside of the leg, the lateral side. (In comparison, studies show that runners with low arches suffer medial injuries, along the inner leg.) Also watch out for general stiffness in the legs As for all those potential stress fractures, only an X-ray or MRI will tell you for sure. Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a general term that refers to any genetic disease that causes the skeletal muscles to gradually degenerate. There are more than 30 forms of muscular dystrophy, with three of the most common being Duchenne MD, Facioscapulohumeral MD and Myotonic MD. The good news is that, generally, people with high arched feet tend to have a stronger, more stable joint and ligamentous supportive structure. The bad news is that what you gain in strength and stability, you lose in flexibility. Development of problems upstream in the knee and hip are also common. As the foot and ankle roll outward, it takes the knee with it causing strain to the outer structures of the knee and hip (iliotibial band syndrome) and contributes to knee-cap (patellar) malalignment and tracking problems known to cause knee pain and inflammation.